Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was born in Aschaffenburg, Germany, in 1880. After studying architecture in Dresden, he founded the artists' association "Brücke" with his friends Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. In 1911 Kirchner moved to Berlin. In the following years he reached a first peak of his creative work with his expressive works.
In 1913, the friendship of the "Brücke" artists broke up. During his training as a soldier, Kirchner suffered a breakdown in 1915; after hospital stays in Königstein im Taunus and Kreuzlingen on Lake Constance, he sought healing in Davos in 1917. First at Stafelalp, then at the house "In den Lärchen" and finally at Wildboden, Kirchner continued his extensive work. He painted farmers at work and visionary landscapes that capture the overwhelming impression of the Alpine landscape. In addition to painterly, drawing and graphic works, he again produced furniture and free sculptural works.
In National Socialist Germany, Kirchner's paintings were no longer allowed to be shown. In 1936, they were removed from museums and denigrated in the "Degenerate Art" exhibition series. The defamation of his person and his artistic work intensified Kirchner's personal crisis. In June 1938 he took his own life. His grave and that of his partner Erna Schilling are in the Davos Forest Cemetery.